Malignant skin tumors

Melanocytic and non-melanocytic tumors are currently the most common tumors among Caucasians. Both tumors have an increased incidence, but a low mortality rate. The low mortality is due to early detection of the lesions, as the areas where they most often occur are easily accessible to the patients for self-examination, their appearance in early stages, and due to steady progress in the treatment and prevention of relapses.

The increased incidence of non-melanocyte tumors is caused by a combination of prolonged exposure to the sun, large number of outdoor activities, changes in clothing style with a tendency to expose as much skin as possible, an increase in life expectancy, destruction of the ozone layer, genetic causes and sometimes immunological suppression.

Although the notion of “carcinoma” dates back to the 4th century BC., when Hippocrates introduced this term, the surgical treatment of facial tumors traces to 400 years earlier, when an Indian healer called Sushruta came up with the treatment.

If in the past the treatment of these tumors was a problem due to the lack of asepsis, antiseptic, anesthesia and doctors with scientific training, currently the only obstacle is the stage of the tumor.